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The Petitioner had challenged the order of the Appellate Authority denying refund due to them exports had been made outside India and such exports were regarded as zero-rated supplies u/s. 16 of the IGST Act on which the Petitioner was entitled to refund of ITC u/s. 54(3) of the CGST Act.
The Respondents had rejected the refund on sole ground that any exports through the Foreign Post Office (‘FPO’) would be eligible for zero-rated exports and the refund of such duty could be claimed only vide Notification No. 48/2018 – Customs (N.T.) dated 04 June 2018 read with Circular No. 14/2018 – Customs dated 04 June 2018 and that the Petitioner refund claim pertains to August 2017 and September 2017 i.e. prior to the date of Notification.
The Delhi HC observed that Circular No. 14/2018 was neither clarificatory, nor it determined the eligibility of allowing ITC on exports. It was further observed that in any event, new procedure cannot be made applicable from a retrospective date. The HC further noted that refunds shall be examined with reference to their compliance with the extant provisions, including law and procedures relating to GST and Customs. Basis the above observations, the HC set aside the orders passed by the Respondent and remanded the matter back to the original Adjudicating Authority.
Medical Bureau vs. Commissioner of CGST [W.P. (C) 3917/2020]
The Applicant, owner of an immovable property, had entered into a Joint Development Agreement with M/s. Suprabhat Constructions (‘the Developer’) for construction of residential flats, agreeing to get 40% of share of undivided right, title and interest. The JDA had been entered along with irrevocable general power of attorney with the Developer, who had obtained necessary Plan Approval, Commencement Certificate and Completion / Occupancy Certificate from the competent authority.
Post the completion of the project, the share of the residential flats had been handed over by the Developer after the issuance of Completion / Occupancy Certificate. Further, the relevant clauses of the Area Sharing Agreement restricted the right of the Applicant to execute sale agreement or any conveyancing deeds till the issuance of Completion / Occupancy Certificate and taking over their share of flats. In respect thereto, the Applicant had sought a ruling before the Karnataka AAR to ascertain whether the amount to be received towards advances or sales consideration of the flats to the extent of 40% of JDA, are not amenable to GST.
The AAR observed that the sale of flats would not be exigible to GST if and only if they are sold after the issuance of Completion / Occupancy Certificate, in which case, it would be treated neither as supply of goods nor supply of services in terms of Entry 5 of Schedule III, which covers sale of land. The AAR also remarked that had the Applicant themselves, or the Developer, on behalf of the Applicant, had sold the flats prior to the issuance of Completion Certificate, the transaction would have been liable to GST as Works Contract. However, in the instant case, as the Completion / Occupancy Certificate had been received, the AAR held that the transaction would fall under Entry 5 of Schedule III and will neither be treated as supply of goods or services and therefore, not liable to GST.
BR Sridhar [Advance Ruling No. KAR ADRG 55/2020 dated 07 November 2020]
The GSTN on 20 November 2020 has released the salient features Quarterly Return filing and Monthly Payment of Taxes (‘QRMP’) Scheme as follows:
Following Registered Person (‘RP’) can file quarterly returns and pay tax on monthly basis w.e.f. 01 January 2021:
Changes in GST Portal
For quarter January 2021 to March 2021, all RPs whose AATO for the FY 2019-20 is up to Rs 5 Cr. and have furnished the return in GSTR-3B for the month of October 2020 by 30 November 2020, will be migrated by default in the GST system as follows:
Class of RP with AATO of
Default Return Option
Up to Rs 1.5 Cr., who have furnished GSTR-1 on quarterly basis in the current F.Y.
Up to Rs 1.5 Cr., who have furnished GSTR-1 on monthly basis in the current F.Y.
More than Rs 1.5 Cr. and up to Rs 5 Cr. in the preceding F.Y.
When can a person opt for the scheme
The RPs opting for the scheme can avail the facility of Invoice Furnishing Facility (‘IFF’), so that the outward supplies to registered person is reflected in their Form GSTR 2A and 2B.
Payment of tax under the scheme
The Applicant, a Co-operative housing society, raised funds by collecting contributions / charges from the members of the society. The charges included property tax, water tax, electricity charges, parking charges, etc. The said charges were collected by the Applicant periodically by issuing invoices and the charges so collected were used for specified purposes as enumerated in the Bye-laws of the Society.
The Applicant had sought a ruling before the Maharashtra AAR inter alia to ascertain whether the activities carried out by them would amount to supply and whether the same would be liable under GST. The Maharashtra AAR had observed that the services by the Applicant were being carried out for a consideration in the course of furtherance of business and therefore liable to GST.
Aggrieved, the Applicant had preferred an appeal against the order of the AAR before the Maharashtra AAAR. The Maharashtra AAAR took note of the nature of the activities carried out by the Applicant as mentioned in the Bye-Laws and observed that the same are entirely oriented towards providing services to its members and therefore are covered under the definition of business.
The AAAR further took note of the judgement of the SC in Calcutta Civil Club Limited [Civil Application No. 4184 of 2009] relied upon by the Applicant. It was observed by the AAAR that in the said case, the SC had held that the club cannot be said to be doing any business with its members as both the members and the club are one and the same owing to the principle of mutuality. It was observed by the AAAR that the said judgement was made in relation to sales tax, the provision of which are entirely different from GST and therefore, the same cannot be applicable in the instant case.
The AAAR further observed that ‘service’ under the CGST Act has been rendered a very wide connotation and ‘person’ as defined under CGST Act includes both ‘incorporated and unincorporated clubs and thus clarifies that both these deeming fictions convey the intention of the legislature to do away with the principle of mutuality.
It was further observed by the AAAR that Notification No. 12/2017 – C.T. (Rate) dated 28 June 2017 stipulates that services by an unincorporated body or a non-profit entity to its members for Rs. 7,500/- per month per member is exempt from GST. Thus, implying that any amount, exceeding Rs. 7,500/- per month per member would be subject to GST provided that the aggregate turnover of such society in a F.Y. exceeds Rs. 20 lakhs.
Basis the above observations, the AAAR upheld the order of the AAR holding that the activities carried out by the Applicant would amount to supply liable for GST subject to the prescribed conditions.
Apsara Co-Operative Housing Society Limited [Order No. MAH/AAAR/RS-SK/28/2020-21 dated 05.11.2020]
The question relating to GST applicability on Co-operative housing society has been rather persistent right from the beginning of GST. As rightly noted by the Maharashtra AAAR, GST has surely widened the scope of the term ‘supply’. In this regard, it would be pertinent to note that the Maharashtra AAR in the case of Rotary Club of Mumbai Elite [2019 (30) G.S.T.L. 60] had held that charges collected by the Club would be considered as ‘supply’ u/s. 7 of the CGST Act and therefore liable to GST.
The Applicant, a Russian entity, had entered into a Maintenance and Repair Contract (‘MARC’) with Bharat Coking Coal Limited (‘BCCL’), an Indian entity. As per the terms of the agreement, the foreign supplier was be responsible for taxes and duties in BCCL’s country during execution of the contract. The services were actually rendered by appointing a sub-contractor to execute a part of the obligations under MARC. The Applicant had specifically deployed its supervising and technical employees at the site of BCCL, whose salaries were also borne by the Applicant. On account of certain problems in the payment channel, the Applicant had opened a branch in India and registered under the CGST Act. According to the Appellant, the recipient of services, i.e., BCCL was liable to pay IGST on the imported services under reverse charge mechanism.
In view of the afore-stated background, the Appellant had sought an advance ruling to specify the person liable to pay tax and whether it is justified by BCCL to deduct GST from payments made to foreign company. The WB AAR had observed that deputation of human and technical resources at the site of BCCL constitutes as 'fixed establishment' and therefore concluded that the location of the 'supplier' in the present case was in India. Therefore, it had been that held that the supply of service to BCCL was not import of service. The recipient was not liable to pay GST on reverse charge basis. The Applicant, being the domestic MARC holder was liable to pay the tax as applicable. Aggrieved, the Applicant had preferred an Appeal against the order of the AAR.
The WB AAAR observed that the AAR had not considered various terms of the agreement which inter alia state that the entire control of the activities would rest with the foreign entity, which had entered into an agreement with BCCL. The AAR had further observed that the service is ensured from the Applicant’s domestic entity for 17 years of the contract. However, it has not taken into consideration the fact that the Applicant is providing service to BCCL since 2015, whereas the domestic entity came into existence in 2018 only. The AAAR had further observed that the registered place of business of the Applicant cannot be termed as 'fixed establishment'. The AAR had not adduced any finding to draw conclusion that the Applicant as registered in India maintains suitable structures in terms of human and technical resources to provide the service for which the MARC has been entered into between the parties Accordingly, it was held by the AAAR that the ruling of the AAR does not hold good.
It was further observed that in terms of Section 2(11) of the IGST Act, import of service contains the following three elements:
The AAAR noted that the Applicant, being a foreign entity had been raising invoices upon BCCL and therefore the conditions of import as envisaged herein-above were being fulfilled. Accordingly, the AAAR modified the AAR order to the extent the supply of services by the Applicant to BCCL qualified as import and GST on such services is payable under reverse charge mechanism in terms of Notification No. 10/2017 – Integrated Tax (Rate) dated 28 June 2017.
IZ Kartex named after p. G. Korobkov Limited [Appeal case No. 02/WBAAAR/APPEAL/2020 dated 17 August 2020]
The CBIC vide Notification No. 42/2020 - Customs dated 11 November 2020, has increased the Basic Custom Duty on specified components / parts used in manufacture of Open cell of LED and LCD television panels of Tariff Heading 8529, from nil to 5%. The revised rate has been made effective from 12 November 2020
The Petitioner had been supplying anti-virus software services to its clients. The Respondent had raised a tax demand along with interest and penalty on the supply of software services for the period July 2012 to March 2013, by classifying the same as ‘Information Technology Software Services’ under the Finance Act.
Aggrieved, the Petitioner filed a Writ Petition against Service Tax demand order before the Madras HC. It had been argued by the Petitioner that they had discharged VAT on the sale of the Software, since it is deemed to be a 'sale of goods' and has been duly assessed by the authorities under the Tamil Nadu Value Added Tax Act and therefore, the Department’s claim that the same is amenable to service tax is not sustainable.
Referring to the judgement of the Division Bench of Madras HC in the case of ISODA vs. Union of India [2010 (20) STR 289 (Mad)], the HC observed that Anti-Virus software is a representation of instructions recorded in a machine readable form that provides interactivity to the End User through a computer that has working internet connectivity and therefore, Anti-Virus Software squarely falls within the definition of 'Information Technology Software'.
It was further observed by the HC that though the software are goods, when the goods as such are not transferred but the transaction of right to use as transferred to the end-user, it would only be a 'service' and not a 'sale'. Accordingly, applying the rationale of the Division Bench in ISODA (supra), the HC concluded that Anti-Virus Software' in CD forms squarely falls within the essential features of the definition of the 'Information Technology Software. Basis the above observations, the Madras HC upheld the Respondent’s demand of Service Tax along with interest and penalty.
K7 Computing Private Limited [W.P.Nos.25923 & 31485 of 2018]
Right from the turn of the decade, the question as to whether ‘software’ can be termed as ‘goods’ or ‘services’ has consistently remained a hot topic. In this regard, a breakthrough came with the judgement of the SC in the case of TCS vs. State of A.P. [271 ITR 401] wherein it had been held that software, which is incorporated on a media, would be goods and therefore, liable to sales tax.
However, subsequent to the SC judgement, it had been seen that different authorities had been taking different views. The Karnataka HC in the case of Sasken Communications Technologies Limited [Writ Appeal Nos. 90-113 and 118-129 of 2011] had held that the contract for development of software in question is not works contract but a contract for service simplicitor liable to service tax and not VAT.
It would be pertinent to note that conflicting tax treatments of similar transaction by different tax authorities definitely creates hurdles for the businesses. Accordingly, it is likely that legacy cases in relation to tax demands for software would continue.
The CBIC has issued a series Notifications on 10 November 2020 inter alia notifying the CGST Thirteenth Amendment Rules, 2020. Following are the key highlights of the relevant Notification:
The Officials attached to the Directorate General of GST Intelligence had conducted simultaneous raids on the business units and the residence of the Petitioner without any prior intimation. The Petitioners contended that during the questioning the Respondents, they had been abused in filthy language for not giving satisfactory replies and were also repeatedly assaulted in physical manner.
As a result of the assault, the Petitioner had been rendered unable to walk on account of the physical assault, as confirmed by a physician. The employees of the Petitioner lodged police complaint for such an assault, in response to which few police officials arrived at the premises but refused to take any action against such officials.
The Respondents contended that the Petitioners were not cooperating with the investigating agency. Preliminary investigation revealed tax evasion of Rs. 5 crores. The Respondents also stated that there was no bar in making enquiries under Section 70 of GST Act, in the night.
The Petitioners sought to declare the actions of such officials as illegal, arbitrary and unconstitutional apart from being violative of constitutional rights. The Petitioner further sought direction that the Respondents to follow due process of law and comply with the principles of natural justice in further investigation process or seeking transfer of the conduct of enquiry to any other wing /unit established under CGST Act.
It was observed by the HC that the Respondents cannot contend that they will interrogate the persons suspected of committing any tax evasion as per their sweet will, forceably keeping them in their custody for indefinite period. It was observed that such custondy shall be construed as informal custody and the law relating to an accused in custody has to be expressly or impliedly applied. If accused can get all the benefits under Art.22 of the Constitution, a person in such informal custody can say that he is also entitled to get relief under Art.21 of the Constitution of India. This view has been taken by the Gujarat HC in the case of Jignesh Kishorbhai Bhajiawala v. State of Gujarat [2017 Crl.L.J.1760 para 19 at pg.1777] while dealing with similar actions of authorities under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002.
Basis the above observations, the Telangana HC allowed the following directions:
Agarwal Foundaries [Writ Petition No.28268 of 2019]
The GSTN vide their tweet dated 05 November 2020 has issued a comprehensive guide for taxpayers on common errors and their suggested solutions in GST. The comprehensive guide inter alia provides solutions in respect of Registration, Returns, Payments, Refunds, Appeals, etc. The guide has been attached herewith.
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